Advances in Reptile Lighting

A resource for all reptile keepers

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Introduction to the 2005 Lighting Survey
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Special Report :
A problem with some of the new high UVB output
fluorescent compact lamps and tubes

The Report: Introduction - Case histories - Lamp test results
Discussion - Summary, Recommendations and Company Responses- References



This is one case from a series of reports compiled as part of an investigation into photo-kerato-conjunctivitis, possibly occurring as a result of excessive low-wavelength UVB radiation under certain brands of fluorescent UVB lamp.

Please do not view this one case without reference to the whole report of which it is a part.


Case History : GB (Italy) - Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus)

Case examined by Michele Buono DVM (Turin, Italy)


A female Veiled Chameleon (Chamaeleo calyptratus) was presented to the veterinary clinic in July 2007 for anorexia and reluctance to move.

The chameleon was housed in a glass terrarium, size 60cm by 100cm by 60cm (24in by 39in by 24in); inside there were branches for climbing, and a plastic rock waterfall. There was a UVB fluorescent tube, but this was outside of the glass.

Fig. 1.On clinical examination, the animal had a severe metabolic bone disorder (MBD) and x-rays showed a large number of eggs. (Figure 1.)

Therapy was begun with oral calcium borogluconate with dextrose (ATI) at a dosage of 100mg/kg and oral calcediol (25-hydroxy-vitamin D3, 1.5mg/10ml) (Didrogyl, Bruno farmaceutici SpA) at a dosage of 200IU/kg every week.

A new ZooMed Reptisun 10.0 Compact Lamp was installed inside the terrarium and switched on for 12 hours a day. This was positioned at about 15cm (6in) from the animal.

After 3 days the chameleon closed its eyes and spent all the day unmoving on a branch.

The owner was advised to replace the lamp with a ZooMed Reptisun 5.0 Compact Lamp and reduce the exposure to 6 hours a day.

After this change, the chameleon opened its eyes again and after 15 days of therapy, it began to eat again.

Two months after first presentation, the chameleon was re-examined. Its eyes were normal. Its condition had improved; it was able to walk, although with some deviation of the hind limbs, and x-rays showed an apparent improvement in bone mineralisation.


 © 2007 UVGuide.co.uk