is one case from a series of reports compiled as part
of an investigation into photo-kerato-conjunctivitis,
possibly occurring as a result of excessive low-wavelength
UVB radiation under certain brands of fluorescent
do not view this one case without reference to the
whole report of which it is a part.
History : SS
(Florida, USA) - Red-eared slider turtle
(Trachemys scripta elegans)
red-eared slider turtles (Trachemys scripta elegans)
age 9 months were housed in a 60 gallon Rubbermaid container.
(Newell Rubbermaid Inc., USA). A new ZooMed Reptisun
10.0 tube was installed on April 8th 2007, replacing an
old ESU Reptile "Super UV Coil" 3% UVB Compact Lamp.
was mounted in a household "clamp lamp" fixture from a hardware
store, which had a shiny metallic interior surface. The
lamp was clamped onto the edge of the container, set at
an angle 10 inches above and to the side of the turtles.
The lamp was in use for 12 hours a day.
turtles initially refused to bask under the new lamp.
two days, on the morning of 11th April, they began to bask
again but by the evening their eyes seemed slightly inflamed.
Their owner applied ZooMed Repti Turtle Eye Drops but by
the following morning the eyelids of both turtles were severely
owner turned off the Reptisun 10.0 lamp and treated their
eyes with the Repti Turtle Eye Drops again. Over the next
three days the swelling resolved.
14th April, they were back to normal and the compact lamp
was moved into a white, non-reflective fixture hung directly
above the turtles at a distance of 15 inches. The lamp was
only switched on for four hours a day.
turtles were seen to bask under the lamp and it was thought
the problem was resolved. However, on 16th April both turtles
had swollen eyelids again and were much less active than
usual, swimming and even feeding with their eyes closed.
lamp was removed altogether. Their owner contacted his veterinary
surgeon, who advised him that the eyelids would heal naturally
over the next few days, now that the source of the problem
was removed, but suggested that continued use of the Repti
Turtle Eye Drops would do no harm and probably be soothing.
also contacted a ZooMed representative who told him that
the Reptisun 10.0 Compact Lamp was not recommended for turtles
(despite the fact that "Helps prevent soft shell in captive
aquatic turtles" is printed on the box) and if it was used,
it should be at a distance of two feet from the basking
area, and preferably above a screen, as well.
eyelid swelling was almost gone by 19th April and the turtles
were back to normal a few days later.
owner then set up the old ESU Super UV Coil-Lamp again,
but after two weeks, replaced it with a new ExoTerra ReptiGlo
5.0 lamp. No further problems were seen.
ZooMed Reptisun 10.0 lamp was submitted to FB for testing
(Lamp ref. BW4, estimated use 60 hours).